Geography

Universe CET Exam 2021

Q.1 Which of the following is the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way?

A Triangulum

B Whirlpool

C Andromeda

D Pinwheel

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is C

The Andromeda Galaxy also known as Messier 31 is a spiral galaxy approximately 2.5 million light-years from Earth and the nearest major galaxy to the Milky Way. It appears as a fuzzy patch of light and contains millions of stars. It is the farthest object that can be seen with the naked eyes.

Q.2 Which of the following Scientist proved that the path of each planet around the Sun is elliptical?

A Galileo

B Newton

C Copernicus

D Kepler

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is D

Kepler proved that the path of each planet around the Sun is elliptical. The German astronomer Johannes Kepler described what later became known as the three laws of planetary motion in the early 17th century.
His first and most famous discovery was that the planets move around the Sun in orbits shaped like ellipses.

Q.3 A Shooting Star is a

A Shining object which moves with a constant speed in the atmosphere

B Star with a tail at the end

C Meteoroid which catches fire as it enters the Earth’s atmosphere

D Star which moves with a constant speed

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is C

Shooting star is a common name for the visible path of a meteoroid as it enters the atmosphere, becoming a meteor.

Q.4 Study of the Universe is known as _______.

A Sociology

B Cosmology

C Universology

D Petology

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is B

Cosmology is the study of the origin, evolution, and eventual fate of the universe.

Q.5 Which of the following is not a terrestrial planet?

A Venus

B Mercury

C Saturn

D Mars

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is C

Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus and Neptune are called gaseous planets while Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are called terrestrial planets.
A terrestrial planet is a planet that is composed primarily of silicate rocks or metals.

Q.6 Summer Solstice falls every year on ___ .

A 23 September

B 21 March

C 4 July

D 21 June

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is D

Sukranti is the northern and southern part of the Sun rotation. On June 21, the Sun Cancer line is vertical at 90 degrees, called Cancer Sankranti. This day is the biggest day in the Northern Golard.

Q.7 In how many days, the mercury completes a revolution around the sun?

A 88 days

B 365 days

C 724 days

D 44 days

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is A

Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System. Its orbital period around the Sun of 88 days is the shortest of all the planets in the Solar System. It is named after the Roman deity Mercury, the messenger to the gods.

Q.8 Asteroids have their orbits between the planets_____.

A Mercury and Venus

B Earth and Mars

C Mars and Jupiter

D Jupiter and Saturn

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is C

Asteroids are small, airless rocky worlds revolving around the Sun that are too small to be called planets. Most asteroids lie in a vast ring between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

Q.9 The scientist who first discovered that the earth revolves around the sun was?

A Newton

B Dalton

C Copernicus

D Einstein

E None of the above/More than one of the above

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is C

In 1512 AD, astronomer Nicholas Copernicus proved that the Earth revolves around the Sun in the heliocentric solar system.

Q.10 Which is also referred to as a “Dwarf planet”?

A Pluto

B Mercury

C Jupiter

D Saturn

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is A

It is Pluto which is called as a dwarf planet, where a dwarf planet is a planetary-mass object that is neither a planet nor a natural satellite. Pluto, which is the erstwhile eight planet, is situated in the Kuiper belt which is a ring of bodies beyond Neptune. Moreover it was the first Kuiper belt object to be discovered.

Q.11 ‘Equinox’ means ___________.

A Equal day and night on the entire Earth

B Shortest day in the Northern hemisphere

C Shortest day in the Southern hemisphere

D None of the above

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is A

‘Equinox’ means Equal day and night on the entire Earth.
It is the moment in which the plane of Earth’s equator passes through the center of the Sun’s disk, which occurs twice each year, around 20 or 21 March and 22 or 23 September.

Q.12 The biggest planet in the solar system is ____ .

A Venus

B Jupiter

C Saturn

D Uranus

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is B

Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun and the largest planet in the Solar System. It is a giant planet with a mass one-thousandth that of the Sun, but is two and a half times that of all the other planets in the Solar System combined.

Q.13 Which one of the following planets has largest number of natural satellites or moons?

A Jupiter

B Mars

C Saturn

D Venus

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is A

The planet with the most moons in the Solar System is Jupiter, with a total of 63 confirmed moons (as of 2009). Of course, it’s always possible that more moons will be discovered orbiting Jupiter in the future, and that number will go up.

Q.14 Which planet is also known as the evening star?

A Mercury

B Venus

C Jupiter

D Neptune

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is B

Venus is:* Hottest planet in the solar system with the surface temperature of 478 degree Celsius* Also known as “Earth’s Twin”* One of the two planets in the solar system which rotate around the axis in a Clockwise direction* Brightest Star in the Solar system* It can be seen in the morning and evening with open eyes. Hence, it is known as “Evening Star” and “Morning Star”.

Q.15 Moon eclipse occurs, when_____.

A Earth is between sun and moon

B Moon is between earth and sun

C Sun is between earth and moon

D Earth, sun and moon are in a straight line

Spoiler title
Correct Answer is A

A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Moon and the Sun, and the Earth’s shadow obscures the moon or a portion of it. A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, blocking all or a portion of the Sun. An eclipse can be total, partial, or annular.

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VAIBHAV TRIPATHI

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